↑ Return to Curriculum


This area of learning is divided into 2 areas:

  • Reading
  • Writing

At OEYC your child will be learning to:

  • Listen to stories and being to talk about them
  • Join in with songs and rhymes
  • Share books with adults and with other children
  • Talk about the pictures in books
  • Begin to retell familiar stories
  • Begin to notice and talk about different sounds
  • Make marks and say what they mean
  • Talk about a drawing and painting
  • Begin to recognise their name and try and write it
  • Begin to link letters and sounds

How can parents and carers help?

  • The most effective way to help a child to learn to want to read and to love books is simply to read aloud to them regularly and often.
  • The learning of nursery rhymes helps them to notice the sounds in words and the tunes help them to remember the words.
  • Read stories regularly to your child, they will want to hear their favourites over and over again and will soon know them off by heart.
  • The books that are best are books your children like. You will soon discover which they are.
  • Join your local library, it is free and a wonderful source of good quality literature.
  • Before they can learn to write children must learn to control a pencil and form the shapes they want, so don’t try to teach your child to write letters until they have had lots of drawing experience.
  • Free drawing enables them to explore shapes, gain confidence and develop the right muscles for writing. Your child will start by making marks that look like scribble. This is a very important first stage to develop good pencil grip and control. The children will enjoy working with a variety of implements – pencils, crayons, chalks, felt-tips, paints, etc. Show them how to hold a pencil correctly.
  • Show them how to hold a pencil correctly.
  • Gradually your child will start to draw shapes that look more like letters, often starting with the letters in their own name. If your child is showing an interest in writing letters use a capital letter for the start of their name and then lower case letters for the rest of their name.
  • Make sure your child sees you writing, so that they know writing has a purpose.
  • Encourage your child to do their own emergent writing. They may start by writing initial and dominant sounds from the words; this is normal, praise all of their efforts and be very proud of your child
  • If your child is left-handed don’t do anything to alter this. It really doesn’t matter and it’s wrong to force a child to change.