# Mathematics

This area of learning is divided into 2 areas:

• Numbers
• Shape, space and measures

At OEYC your child will be learning to:

• Recite number names in order
• Begin to count by matching a number name to an object
• Talk about numbers as they play
• Sing number songs
• Being to use the language of simple addition and subtraction – more/less
• Recognise numbers that are important to them
• Make marks to represent amounts
• Notice shapes and begin to name them
• Do simple puzzles
• Use positional language such as “over”, “under”
• Talk about sizes and make comparisons

### How can parents and carers help?

You can help your child gain mathematical experiences in numerous everyday situations. All of the skills can be introduced using things in the home and in the environment outside. Bearing these points in mind, encourage as many of the following skills as possible:

Compare objects to see which is the longest, tallest, thickest, thinnest, heaviest, and lightest.

• Describe where something is, using the appropriate words; under, above, behind, on, next to ….
• Sort naturally when playing; all of the red bricks together, all of the duplo in the box, sorting socks into pairs.
• Develop spatial awareness by playing with construction items, make a tall house for a giraffe.
• Discover which shapes fit together well, which shapes stack well, how tall can you make your tower before it topples over?
• Notice shapes in the environment when out and about.
• Develop capacity skills in the bath, fill up different sized containers, are they full, empty, half full?
• Make predictions about the timing of the day, e.g. knowing that you go to pre-school after breakfast, that we can go to the park after lunch.  How many sleeps until our outing on Saturday?
• Children naturally look for patterns and order, notice the pattern in a brick wall, put all the pictures of cars together, make a necklace with red, blue, red, blue beads.
• Let them help you at the shops, put 4 apples in the bag, get a large bag of sugar.
• Sing and recite number songs and rhymes.
• Count up to 10 – beyond if they are able – stairs to bed, number of bananas in the bunch, number of teddy bears for the tea party.
• Add on or subtract in very natural situations, ‘you had 4 sweets and you have eaten 2, how many are left?’